Nashville is Tennessee’s capital city and the state’s largest city (and the fourth largest city in the southeastern United States). The city, which is located along the Cumberland River, is home to numerous universities and colleges and is a major center for the region’s healthcare, banking, music, transportation, and publishing industries. Considering its position in state government, the city is home to Middle Tennessee’s Supreme Court’s courthouse. The city is also a major center for the country music industry, and this has led to it being nicknamed “Music City USA”. Nashville was founded in 1779 and was incorporated in 1806.
As of 2013, the city’s consolidated city-county population stood at well over 659,000. But when all 13 counties that make up the Nashville Metropolitan area are included, this number rises to well 1,757,000 people, making it the largest metropolitan area in Tennessee.
As earlier mentioned, the city lies on the Cumberland River. Its elevation ranges from 117 m (385 ft.) above sea level at its lowest point to 350 m (1,160 ft.) above sea level at the highest point. It covers a total area of 527.9 square miles, or 1,367 km2 – with 504 square miles, or 1,305 km2, being land, and 23.9 square miles, or 62 km2, being water.
Nashville enjoys a humid subtropical climate and experiences hot, humid summers and moderately cold winters. While snowfall does occur, it usually is not that heavy. But rainfall is quite prevalent in and around the area, and the heaviest downpours falling in November and December, and during spring. The months between August and October are relatively the driest with little to no rainfall being recorded.
Nashville is a diverse city and offers an assortment of architectural, cultural, dining, and entertainment attractions – especially around the city’s downtown area. There are many night clubs, entertainment venues, and an assortment of classy restaurants in the city – especially around 2nd Avenue and Broadway. The city’s central business district, Capitol hill, and legislative plaza are just north of Broadway while architectural and cultural attractions are scattered all over the city.
Three key interstate highways (the I-24, the I-40, and the I-65) meet near downtown’s core area. The presence of these highways means that most regional cities near Nashville are within driving distance. At the same time, there are a couple of arterial surface roads that radiate all through the city. Nashville’s Metropolitan Transit Authority offers bus transit services within the city, and there are plans to include rapid transit for new routes. Nashville is served by the Nashville International Airport, which was once American Airlines’ hub. The city is also a major rail freight hub.
Considered the home of country music, the city has become a major music production and recording center, which has made it a renowned tourist destination as people travel to the city from far and wide to attend live performances. And while this racks in good revenue, it is not the largest industry. It is health care that takes the top spot considering that the city is home to over 300 healthcare companies. At the same time, the automotive industry has become quite important in recent years with major automobile maker Nissan moving its corporate headquarters to the region. Some Fortune 500 companies that have offices within the metropolitan include UBS, Dell, Bridgestone, HCA, and Community Health Systems, among others.